Published at Friday, 28 June 2019. Garden. By Images Collector.
The etymology of the word gardening refers to enclosure: it is from Middle English gardin, from Anglo-French gardin, jardin, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German gard, gart, an enclosure or compound, as in Stuttgart. See Grad (Slavic settlement) for more complete etymology. The words yard, court, and Latin hortus (meaning "garden," hence horticulture and orchard), are cognates—all referring to an enclosed space. The term "garden" in British English refers to a small enclosed area of land, usually adjoining a building. This would be referred to as a yard in American English.
Other outdoor spaces that are similar to gardens include: - A landscape is an outdoor space of a larger scale, natural or designed, usually unenclosed and considered from a distance. - A park is a planned outdoor space, usually enclosed (imparked) and of a larger size. Public parks are for public use. - An arboretum is a planned outdoor space, usually large, for the display and study of trees. - A farm or orchard is for the production of food stuff. - A botanical garden is a type of garden where plants are grown both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors. - A zoological garden, or zoo for short, is a place where wild animals are cared for and exhibited to the public. - A Kindergarten is a preschool educational institution for children and in the very sense of the word should have access or be part of a garden. - A Männergarten is a temporary day-care and activities space for men in German-speaking countries while their wives or girlfriends go shopping. Historically, the expression has also been used for gender-specific sections in lunatic asylums, monasteries and clinics.
Climate change will have many impacts on gardens, most of them negative, and these are detailed in Gardening in the Global Greenhouse by Richard Bisgrove and Paul Hadley. Gardens also contribute to climate change. Greenhouse gases can be produced by gardeners in many ways. The three main greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Gardeners produce carbon dioxide directly by overcultivating soil and destroying soil carbon, by burning garden waste on bonfires, by using power tools which burn fossil fuel or use electricity generated by fossil fuels, and by using peat. Gardeners produce methane by compacting the soil and making it anaerobic, and by allowing their compost heaps to become compacted and anaerobic. Gardeners produce nitrous oxide by applying excess nitrogen fertiliser when plants are not actively growing so that the nitrogen in the fertiliser is converted by soil bacteria to nitrous oxide. Gardeners can help to prevent climate change in many ways, including the use of trees, shrubs, ground cover plants and other perennial plants in their gardens, turning garden waste into soil organic matter instead of burning it, keeping soil and compost heaps aerated, avoiding peat, switching from power tools to hand tools or changing their garden design so that power tools are not needed, and using nitrogen-fixing plants instead of nitrogen fertiliser.
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